Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) Ohashi

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Hedysarum motorium Houtt.
  • Synonym(s) : Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi; Desmodium gyrans (L.f.) DC.; Hedysarum gyrans L.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi
  • Common name : Telegraph Plant, Indian Telegraph Plant
  • Vernacular name : Nagar gare (Kannada); Tozhunganni, Thandichedi (Tamil); Nagathakara, Ramanamapacha, Thozhukanni (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests and grasslands
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in hills as an undergrowth along stream banks up to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Erect undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : August-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Kandhamal district, Nayagarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Dharmapuri district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Pakistan, Nepal, Southeast Asia, Australia, China, Malaysia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Codariocalyx motorius. Downloaded on 8 July 2020.

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