Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Dolichos gladiatus Jacq.
  • Synonym(s) : Canavalia ensiformis "sensu Baker, p.p."
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.)DC.
  • Common name : Horse bean, Jack bean, Sword bean, Broad bean, Patagonian bean
  • Vernacular name : Barasem, Safed Kadsumbal, Kadusambal (Hindi); Valavari, Thambattai, Segapu thampattai (Tamil); Thamba, Vellatamma, Tumbettan Kaya (Telugu); Mohukanko, Maharada (Oria); Valaringha, Valpayar, Valanga, Valamara, Vettukatthipayar (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated. Wild along the river valley Angul district
  • Flower, Fruit : July-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 26/11/2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0408
  • Collection Locality : Palamaneru forest, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Anantapur district, Guntur district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kolar district, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Kottayam district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Puri district, Sambalpur district
  • Native : Old world tropics
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Canavalia gladiata. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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