Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Basionym : Cytisus cajan L.
  • Synonym(s) : Cajanus indicus Spreng.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
  • Common name : Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red gram
  • Vernacular name : Arhar, Tur, Arhi (Hindi); Thogari bele, Thogari gida (Kannada); Thuvarai (Tamil); Kandulu (Telugu); Arhar, Kandul (Oria); Adhaki (Sanskrit); Adhaki, Kakshi, Thuvara, Thuvaraparippu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Mostly cultivated for their protein rich pods, sometimes as an escape
  • Key identification features : Erect srhub
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
  • Native : Africa
  • World Distribution : In Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cajanus cajan. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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