Arachis hypogaea L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Arachis hypogaea L.
  • Common name : Ground-nut, Pea-nut, Monkey-nut
  • Vernacular name : Shenga, Nelagadale, Gadle-kaai, Kadale-kaai (Kannada); Chinibadam (Oria); Verusanga, Pallilu (Telugu); Verkkadalai, Manilakottai, Nilakkadalai (Tamil); Nilakkadala, Kappalandi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Often cultivated for its edible nuts, sometimes as an escape
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Cultivated
    • Kerala : Cultivated
    • Tamil Nadu : Cultivated
  • Native : South America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Arachis hypogaea. Downloaded on 24 August 2019.

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