Aeschynomene aspera L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : PALASH FAMILY (पलाश फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aeschynomene aspera L.
  • Common name : Sola pith plant, Pith plant
  • Vernacular name : Sola (Hindi); Tanakali (Kannada); Aathunetti, Attuneddi (Tamil); Neetijuluga, Nirujiluga (Telugu); Sola (Oria); Neerkadasam, Ponguchedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Moist places in dry deciduous forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains and low-lying marshy banks and ponds. Stem used as fishing-float; hat making
  • Key identification features : Stout shrub in swampy areas
  • Flower, Fruit : August-January
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 13/12/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-381
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Madurai district, Pudukkottai district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Thanjavur district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Bhutan, Myanmar, Malay peninsula, Siam, Java, Tropical Africa
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Davanagere
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aeschynomene aspera. Downloaded on 1 April 2020.

Botanical Description

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