Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Phyllanthus virosus Roxb. ex Willd.
  • Synonym(s) : Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Royle; Securinega virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Baill.; Flueggea microcarpa Blume
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Royle
  • Vernacular name : Gadahallae (Kannada); Karumpula, Aduthinnichedi (Tamil); Pandharphalli (Marathi); Perimklavu, Vellapoolam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Dry and moist deciduous forests and wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1200m on bare slopes and exposed rocks; a high altitude replacement of S. Leucopyrus.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Adilabad district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Hassan district, Chikkamagaluru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Sambalpur district, Kalhandi district, Mayurbhanj district, Rayagada district, Koraput district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Paleotropics
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Africa, Himalayas, Sri Lanka, South Asia, Japan, Malaysia, Australia, Polynesia, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Securinega virosa. Downloaded on 28 September 2020.

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