Sauropus bacciformis (L.) Airy Shaw

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Phyllanthus bacciformis L.
  • Synonym(s) : Agyneia bacciformis (L.) A.Juss.; Synostemon bacciformis (L.) G.L.Webster
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sauropus bacciformis (L.) Airy Shaw
  • Vernacular name : Billi nariya (Oria); Nilam-tenga (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Grassy pastures near sea and mangrove forests, also on saline soils in inland forests and moist places
  • Comments / notes : Often in plains to 800m,abundant along bunds of paddy fields, fallow lands, saline soils.
  • Key identification features : Leaves semisucculent, prostrate herb
  • Flower, Fruit : June-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Anantapur district, Chittoor district
    • Kerala : Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Balasore district, Mahanadi delta, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district, Kendrapara district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : Shevaroy Hills (Salem district)
  • World Distribution : India, Mauritius, Sri Lanka, Celebes, Southeast Asia, South China, Malaya, Java
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sauropus bacciformis. Downloaded on 11 July 2020.

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