Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Averrhoa acida L.
  • Synonym(s) : Phyllanthus distichus (L.) Müll.Arg.; Cicca acida (L.) Merr.; Cicca disticha L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels
  • Common name : Star Gooseberry, Grosella
  • Vernacular name : Bombay nelli kai (Kannada); Sirunelli, Aranelli (Tamil); Ansokoli, Aura-koli, Bungarada, Narakoli (Oria); Chalmeri (Hindi); Usiri (Telugu); Arinelli, Nakshatranelli, Nellipuli, Nellika-pouli, Pulinelli, Seemanelli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Often seen in plains and also cultivated. Fruits sour and edible, and rich in Vitamin C.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Brazil
  • World Distribution : Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Phyllanthus acidus. Downloaded on 18 January 2021.

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