Manihot esculenta Pohl.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Jatropha manihot L.
  • Synonym(s) : Manihot utilissima Pohl
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Manihot esculenta Crantz
  • Common name : Tapioca, Cassava
  • Vernacular name : Sakkarkand (Hindi); Mare genasu (Kannada); Maravallikizhangu (Tamil); Daarukandah (Sanskrit); Simulikonda, Rosokandojado (Oria); Karrapendalamu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for its edible tuber. If consumed more it causes nervous disorders
  • Flower, Fruit : February-December
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Mysuru district, Hassan district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Common
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district)
  • Native : Brazil
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of the world
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Udupi.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Manihot esculenta. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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