Jatropha gossypiifolia L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Jatropha gossypiifolia L.
  • Common name : Bellyache Bush, Cotton Leaf, Puppet seed plant, Physic nut, Sibidigua, Tua-Tua
  • Vernacular name : Veranda, Bherenda (Hindi); Chikka kadaharalu (Kannada); Aatalai (Tamil); Nela-amida, Nepalam, Verriamudam, Seema nepalamu, Nela amudam, Bodandha (Telugu); Johaji, Baigoba, Nonkakalo, Baigawa, Kalo (Oria); Chuvannakadalavanakku, Seemayavanakku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Grown as hedge plant, also runs wild
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains to 1000m. Seen in wastelands, along ponds, and also in road cuttings of dry places. Naturalized.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Chitradurga district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout
  • Native : New World tropics
  • World Distribution : Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Jatropha gossypiifolia. Downloaded on 6 July 2020.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.