Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Jussieu

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Glochidion zeylanicum (Gaertn.) A.Juss.
  • Vernacular name : Neeru kukke (Kannada); Kumbala (Tamil); Itepulla, Pageri, Itepulla (Telugu); Kalchia, Berlu (Oria); Neervetti, Pannimutti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional along streams of hills above 1000m, also in sholas
  • Flower, Fruit : February-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Chittoor district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Bargarh district, Koraput district, Sambalpur district, Bolangir district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Glochidion zeylanicum. Downloaded on 4 July 2020.

Botanical Description

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