Excoecaria indica (Willd.) Mull.Arg.

    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Shirakiopsis indica (Willd.) Esser; Sapium indicum Willd.; Stillingia indica (Willd.) Oken
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Shirakiopsis indica (Willd.) Esser
  • Vernacular name : Karimatti, Penkolam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along backwaters and mangrove forests
  • Flower, Fruit : December-March
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Bhadrak district, Balasore district, Kendrapara district, Bargarh district
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  • Conservation Status : Data Deficient (DD)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Excoecaria indica. Downloaded on 21 January 2022.


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