Glochidion ellipticum Wight

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (SPURGE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Glochidion assamicum (Müll.Arg.) Hook.f.; Glochidion balakrishnanii Jothi & al.; Phyllanthus malabaricus Müll.Arg.; Glochidion malabaricum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Glochidion ellipticum Wight
  • Common name : Bhoma
  • Vernacular name : Kaadukappi (Kannada); Karumpulon, Thinakolli, Panippadukkaanai (Tamil); Chendana, Chathak kadambu, Kulachan, Njanjatti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and shola forests; occasional on hills above 900m along dry slopes and streams
  • Comments / notes : G. ellipticum Wight and G. malabaricum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd. are treated as two distinct species ( Flora of Karnataka vol. 2)
  • Key identification features : Branches angled. Leaf veins prominent, arching. Flowers greenish-yellow. Male flowers in axillary clusters, female flowers sub-sessile. Flowers greenish-yellow. Fruits sessile.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1315, CJS 16344, KFP 4801
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Angul district
    • Tamil Nadu : Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villipuram district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district)
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Flora of Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara, pp.457; Flora of India by BSI (2012`), vol.23.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Glochidion ellipticum. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

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