Euphorbia tirucalli L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (SPURGE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbia tirucalli L.
  • Common name : Milk hedge, Indian tree Spurge, Milk bush, Pencil Bush
  • Vernacular name : Sehud, Konpal sehud (Hindi); Kolu galli, Korkalli gida, Bottukalli gida (Kannada); Thirukkalli (Tamil); Kharseju, Jadengachha, Hadabonga, Dangulisiju (Oria); Chemudu, Kadajamudu, Tirukalli (Telugu); Guda, Katerumakkali, Kolkalli, Kodikalli, Pasam, Thirukkalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Open dry places
  • Comments / notes : Often on foothills to 800m, grown as hedge plant
  • Flower, Fruit : June-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chitradurga district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Hassan district, Mysuru district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Africa
  • World Distribution : Old World tropics
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Euphorbia tirucalli. Downloaded on 8 December 2019.

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