Euphorbia thymifolia L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (SPURGE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbiaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Chamaesyce thymifolia (L.) Millsp.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbia thymifolia L.
  • Common name : Gulf Sandmat
  • Vernacular name : Duddhi, Dudhiya, Choti-dudhi (Hindi); Kempu nene hakki, Bilichitara phala, Chitra ballare (Kannada); Chinnammanpacharisi (Tamil); Laghu dudhi, Raktabinducchada, Dugdhika (Sanskrit); Kaligati, Pathrasiju (Oria); Errachittipayalaku (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Scrub forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains to foothills and on hills up to 1200m, in fallow fields and wastelands. A ready colonizer along new roads.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-November
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh, K. Sankara Rao & Navendu Page; Raja K. Swamy & B. Sadaisvaiah
  • Collection Date : 23-02-2016; 09-12-2010
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0473; FAP 41960
  • Collection Locality : RPRC Garden, Bhubaneswar, Khurda district (OD); Vemula to Guduru, Kadapa district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Bidar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Euphorbia thymifolia. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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