Euphorbia nivulia Buchanan-Hamilton

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham.
  • Common name : Common mil hedge, Indian Spurge Tree
  • Vernacular name : Dabha galli, Dundukalli (Kannada); Elaikalli, Kilaimullukkalli, Silaikkalli (Tamil); Bontah jamudu (Telugu); Elakkalli, Ilakalli, Kallippala (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Scrub forests, dry deciduous forests and rocky places
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills to 1000m,generally on steep slopes.
  • Key identification features : Bark deeply fissured, outer up to 12 cm thick, dry outside, fleshy inside
  • Flower, Fruit : January-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao; Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 24-02-2016; 23-03-2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0470; HJCB-E-361
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD); Yercaud hills, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Bengaluru district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Davanagare district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Common in rocky places
    • Tamil Nadu : Common in rocky places
  • World Distribution : India, NW. Himalayas, Myanmar, Madagascar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Euphorbia nivulia. Downloaded on 4 February 2023.

Botanical Description

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