Euphorbia hypericifolia L.

    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Chamaesyce hypericifolia (L.) Millsp.; Euphorbia parviflora L.; Euphorbia chamaesyce L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbia hypericifolia L.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Open and dry localities
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1000m on hills, common in fallow fields, wastelands, bunds of paddy fields. Weed among garden plants
  • Key identification features : Annual, erect, sometimes spreading. Leaves elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse, base rounded. Involucres with white or rarely pinkish petalloid limbs. Inflorescence unique (Cyathium). Capsules subglobose, hairy. Seeds reddish-brown.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Tumakuru district, Bengaluru district
    • Maharashtra : Common
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Pantropical
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; N.P. Singh, P. Lakshminarasimhan, S. Karthikeyan & P. V. Prasanna (2001). Flora of Maharashtra state, Dicotyledones. Vol. 2. pp. 883. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1987). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 2.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. hypericifolia. Downloaded on 21 January 2022.

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