Euphorbia hirta L.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Chamaesyce hirta (L.) Millsp.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Euphorbia hirta L.
  • Common name : Common Spurge, Asthma herb, Australian asthma herb, Pill-bearing spurge, Snake weed
  • Vernacular name : Acce gida, Karihal soppu, Taddina gida, Halukudi (Kannada); Ammanpacharisi (Tamil); Dudhi (Marathi); Cheldudhi, Chitakuli, Chitakuteai, Hari Harik, Hari Hari (Oria); Dudhi, Bidarie, Reddyvarnanalu (Telugu); Kuzhinagappala, Nilappala (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Degraded forests, roadsides, open places and cultivated fields
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1400m. Ubiquitous herb of pasturelands, wastelands and road cuttings.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Bidar district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Common
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Euphorbia hirta. Downloaded on 11 July 2020.

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