Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth. & Hook.f.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Clutia collina Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cleistanthus collinus (Roxb.) Benth. ex Hook.f.
  • Common name : Suicide tree
  • Vernacular name : Garrar, Karla, Garari (Hindi); Kadu garagari (Kannada); Oduvan (Tamil); Odise chettu, Wodesha, Korai (Telugu); Padashi, Karada (Oria); Odugu, Odaku (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Fairly common, especially in open deciduous forests. Tender leaves are deadly poisonous.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-February
  • Collector(s) Name : Navendu Page, Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 25/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0671
  • Collection Locality : Kolli Hills Ghat road, Namakkal district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chamarajanagar district, Hassan district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district, Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; C. E. C. Fischer, 1921 - A Survey of the Flora of Anaimalai Hills in the Coimbatore District, Madras Presidency; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cleistanthus collinus. Downloaded on 4 July 2020.

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