Cleidion javanicum Blume

    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Cleidion spiciflorum auct. non (Burm.f.) Merr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cleidion javanicum Blume
  • Vernacular name : Yellari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : This species has so far been reported in the northeastern states, throughout the Western Ghats and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Ravikumar & Balachandran reported from Visakhapatnam as new repots to the district and state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Key identification features : Tall tree to 10m heigh; bark ashy brown, smooth. Leaves alternate, elliptic-oblanceolate, cuneate at base, abruptly acuminate at apex, distantly crenate, glabrous above, domatia along the nerve axis beneath. Female flowers solitary, axillary; styles 2, each divided into 2 filiform arms. Capsules usually didymous.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Minumuluru (Vishakapatnam district) (Andhra Pradesh State)
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Literature : Ravikumar & Balachandran-2014, Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(8): 6108–6121; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. javanicum. Downloaded on 4 December 2022.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at