Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Bridelia airy-shawii P.T.Li
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Not found in The Plant List
  • Common name : Spinous Kino Tree
  • Vernacular name : Khaja (Hindi); Kove mullu, Mullu honne, Mullu jogala (Kannada); Adamaruthu, Mulvaengai, Marivaengai, Semmaram (Tamil); Kutgi (Marathi); Kutgi (Marathi); Kasi, Panikasi (Oria); Ekadania, Gonduvi (Hindi); Verrikarake, Bontha epi, Koramadi, Anemu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in forests especially in valley sides
  • Key identification features : Often with impressed lateral nerves on upper surface of leaves, elongate, interrupted spikes and flowers in sessile clusters.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-February
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B. Manohar & B.R. Ramesh
  • Collection Date : 03/08/1979
  • Collection Nos : KFP 8727
  • Collection Locality : B.R Hills, Chamarajanagar district (KA)
  • Distribution :
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Molaccas, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bridelia retusa. Downloaded on 10 July 2020.

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