Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Basionym : Phyllanthus retusus Dennst.
  • Synonym(s) : Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe; Phyllanthus patens Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston
  • Common name : Bishop Wood
  • Vernacular name : Kanmbogi (Sanskrit); Tina, Kajan, Rakta trichuli (Oria); Kalamohomad, Kambhi (Hindi); Devadari (Telugu); Aattacherukola, Ekdania (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 600m, on open slopes, forest border and floor. A higher altitude replacement of B.vitis-idaea.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-December
  • Collector(s) Name : K. Sankara Rao, Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 26/11/2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0156
  • Collection Locality : Palamanru forest, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Chikkamagaluru district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Pune district, Satara district, Kolhapur district
  • World Distribution : Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Breynia retusa. Downloaded on 14 August 2020.

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