Bischofia javanica Blume

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : PHYLLANTHACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Bischofia javanica Blume
  • Common name : Bishopweed, Bischofia, Javawood, Toog
  • Vernacular name : Kein, Bhillar, Paniala (Hindi); Gobra neerale (Kannada); Cholavaengai, Malaipoovarasu, Milachadayaan (Tamil); Nalupu mushti (Telugu); Cholavenga, Chorakkali, Miachethayan, Nannalamaram, Neeli, Nira, Rakthavenga, Thiruppu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 1000m, in sholas.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dindigul district
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, China, Malaysia, Polynesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Bischofia javanica. Downloaded on 25 September 2022.

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