Baccaurea courtallensis Muell.-Arg.

    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Pierardia courtallensis Wight; Baccaurea sapida Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Baccaurea courtallensis (Wight) Mull.Arg.
  • Vernacular name : Koli kukke (Kannada); Moothikaya, Mootilpazham, Mootippuli, Mootilthoori (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen, semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent throughout the low and mid-elevation evergreen forest from Kodagu to Kanyakumari; elevation 40-100 m.
  • Key identification features : Remarkable for their flowers growing in long racemose spikes in tufts on tubercles on the older stems. Fruit very acidic and edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha & S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Nos : B.R.R. 11, KFP 14326
  • Collection Locality : Lakkidi Ghat (Waynad)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanyakumari district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India (Western)
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Near Threatened (NT)
  • Literature : Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. courtallensis. Downloaded on 21 January 2022.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

  • Prasad Gopalakrishnan 2021-05-04 08:21:20

    Kindly send us your feedback to,
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at