Aporosa lindleyana (Wight) Baill.

    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Croton cardiospermus Gaertn.; Aporosa lindleyana (Wight) Baill.; Scepa lindleyana Wight.
  • Synonym(s) : Aporosa cardiosperma (Gaertn.) Merr.;
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aporosa cardiosperma (Gaertn.) Merr.
  • Vernacular name : Valaka (Sanskrit); Sarole mara, Salle gida (Kannada); Aechil, Eachil, Kotili, Neervetti, Ponvetti, Vetti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Key identification features : An evergreen tree growing up to 15 m. tall. Leaves are simple up to 15 cm long, 6 cm broad, oblong elliptic, flowers minute, dioecious, male flowers occur in catkin like spikes, female flowers are in short racemes. Calyx is 4 lobed, petals are absent, stamens3-4 with capillary filament didynamous, stigma bifid capsule globose bursting irregularly. Used in construction of houses especially rafters. The fruit is said to be edible. (Mandal & Panigrahi 1984). Common in Ghats in wet deciduous or semi-evergreen forests.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-June
  • Collector(s) Name : T.P.Ramamoorthy
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1371, CJS 15835, CJS 16877, CS 33
  • Collection Locality : Stream before Devarunde (Hassan)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aporosa lindleyana. Downloaded on 22 April 2021.

Botanical Description

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