Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (Spurge Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AMLA FAMILY (आँवला फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : EUPHORBIACEAE
  • Basionym : Jatropha moluccana L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aleurites moluccanus (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Candle-nut Tree, Belgaum walnut, Candlenut tree, Candlenut oil tree, Candleberry, Indian walnut, Varnish tree
  • Vernacular name : Katakorote (Tamil); Akkrottu, Akshotam, Karankolam, Okamaram, Ukamaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Grown in the High ranges
  • Key identification features : Yeilds a watery latex, sometimes milky. Flowers are borne on a dense rusty inflorescence.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district
    • Kerala : Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : Planted in hills
  • Native : Hawaii
  • World Distribution : India, China to Polynesia, New Zealand and introduced from Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aleurites moluccanus. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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