Antidesma acidum Retzius

 
  • Family : EUPHORBIACEAE
    (SPURGE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Phyllanthaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Stilago diandra Roxb.; Antidesma diandrum (Roxb.) Spreng.; Stilago lanceolaria Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Antidesma acidum Retz.
  • Vernacular name : Amta, Amari, Khatua, Katma, Dhakki, Amoori (Hindi); Bili komme, Meginakaadu soppu (Kannada); Asaripuli, Kaattukoya (Tamil); Pellagumudu, Gumudu (Telugu); Nunnunia, Nuniari, Jamarla, Manmudi, Kath-marsuri, Jamula (Oria); Asaripuli, Areepazham, Arippazhachedi, Sirupulli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Fairly common in forests and on hills up to 1000m,by forest border, exposed slopes etc.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Prakasam district, Vizianagaram district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All district of Kerala
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : Tropical Asia
  • World Distribution : India incl. Andaman & Nicobar, Myanmar, Thailand, South China, Indo-China, Java, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Antidesma acidum. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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