Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb.

 
  • Family : ERYTHROXYLACEAE
    (COCA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Erythroxylaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Erythroxylum monogynum Roxb.
  • Common name : Bastard Sandalwood, Tree of India, Red cedar
  • Vernacular name : Sembulichan (Tamil); Davadaru (Telugu); Chembulinga, Palayachandanam, Vella-devadaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on the foothills of scrub forests and open deciduous forests up to 1000m. Fruits red when ripened and are edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Chandrapur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Alagari Hills (Dharmapuri district)
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Erythroxylum monogynum. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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