Sloanea sterculiacea (Benth.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson

    (Olivnut Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : RUDRAKSHA FAMILY (रुद्राक्ष फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ELAEOCARPACEAE
  • Basionym : Echinocarpus sterculiacea Benth.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sloanea sterculiacea (Benth.) Rehder & E.H. Wilson
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Rare in moist deciduous forests above 1000m, also along streams.
  • Key identification features : Deciduous trees, to 20m high; bark smooth, brown, puberulous. Leaves elliptic to oblong-oblanceolate, cunate at base, acuminate at apex, glabrous. Inflorescence a fascicled in leafless parts. Flowers greenish yellow. Capsules ovoid to globose with stiff spines. Seeds 4, black, shiny, aril orange-yellow
  • Flower, Fruit : September-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Ravikumar & Balachandran-2014, Journal of Threatened Taxa 6(8): 6108–6121
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. sterculiacea. Downloaded on 13 July 2020.

Botanical Description

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