Elaeagnus latifolia L.

 
  • Family : ELAEAGNACEAE
    (Oleaster Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ELAEAGNUS FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : ELAEAGNACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Elaeagnus conferta Roxb.; Elaeagnus kologa Schlecht.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Elaeagnus latifolia L.
  • Vernacular name : Perunkuliri, Kulangi (Tamil); Dibaguda (Oria); Kattumunthiringa, Palga, Kayalampuvalli, Povilam, Poolanpazham (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen, evergreen, moist deciduous-and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills above 1200m, along forest borders of sholas and on thickets. E. latifolia L. is treated separately by some, but we follow Saldanha's Flora of Karnataka vol. 2 by keeping them conspecific. This is a high altitude replacement of E.indica Servettaz. Fruits are edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-March
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1231, CJS 15978, KFP 12490
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Elaeagnus latifolia. Downloaded on 4 July 2020.

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