Diospyros paniculata Dalzell

  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (Ebony Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BISTENDU FAMILY (बिसतॆंदु फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : EBENACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros paniculata Dalzell
  • Vernacular name : Karivella, Karumaram, Karivella, Illakatta, Thuvara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in evergreen forests of Western Ghats; elevation 150-900 m.
  • Key identification features : A large tree. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, obtusely acuminate at apex, glabrous. Male fl: in few-flowered peduncled paniculate cymes borne in the axils of fallen leaves. Female fl: axillary, solitary or in 2-5-flowered cymes. Fruit ovoid, up to 4 cm long, hirsute when young, becoming glabrate with age, seated on the enlarged, 5-lobed, auricled, plicate calyx. Seeds ovoid; endosperm not ruminate
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Collection Nos : KFP 6874, KFP 10928, KFP 14421
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi;Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros paniculata. Downloaded on 26 January 2022.

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