Diospyros sylvatica Roxb.

 
  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (EBONY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Ebenaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros sylvatica Roxb.
  • Common name : Shola tree
  • Vernacular name : Bilisarali (Kannada); Tella gada, Gadaluti, Gada, Pasara gatha, Tella gatha, Gatha (Telugu); Kalicha, Kanchia, Khalijya (Oria); Karimaram, Manjathuvara (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Damp forests, deciduous forests, evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in damp forests and in sholas; elevation 200-1300m.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-July; September. Onwards
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh, K. Sankara Rao & Navendu Page; Raja K.Swamy & B.Sadasivaiah
  • Collection Date : 24/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0481; FAP 39572
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD); Batrepalli, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Krishna district, Prakasam district, Anantapur district, Srikakulam district
    • Kerala : Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Angul district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district,Kanyakumari district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros sylvatica. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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