Diospyros montana Roxb.

 
  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (EBONY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Ebenaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Diospyros humilis Bourd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros montana Roxb.
  • Common name : Mountain Ebony, Mottled ebony, Mountain persimmon
  • Vernacular name : Bis tendu, Lohari, Dasaunda (Hindi); Balagunike (Kannada); Vakkanatthi, Karunthuvalisu (Tamil); Erragath, Erra Goda, Jagadagondi, Muchi Tunki, Nalla ullimili (Telugu); Kossekuli, Halda, Jakai, Paten, Kansa, Bhodrika, Pita kalkha (Oria); Bali, Malayakathitholi, Manjakara, Nanchimaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous, dry deciduous and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common on hills 1200m in a wide range of habitats; drought resistant
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Maredumulli Hills, Rampa Hills, Annavaram Hills, Bison Hills (East Godavari district), Srikakulam district, Nagiri Hills (Kadapa district), Nigidi forest (Anantapur district), Vishakapatnam district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Hoganekal Falls, Dharmapuri Hills, Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Tiruvannamalai Hills, Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Gingee Hills (Villipuram district), Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills, Kalrayan Hills, Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills, Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivaganga district)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Malesia, Tropical Australia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros montana. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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