Diospyros ebenum J.Konig ex Retz.

 
  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (Ebony Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BISTENDU FAMILY (बिसतॆंदु फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : EBENACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Diospyros assimilis Beddome
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros ebenum J.Konig ex Retz.
  • Common name : Ebony, Ceylon Ebony, Malabar Ebony, East India Ebony, Black Sapote, Persimmon Ebony
  • Vernacular name : Kari mara, Beli mara (Kannada); Karunkaali, Solaikarimaram, Thumaraam (Tamil); Nallauti, Tuki, Tallavalludu (Telugu); Kendu (Oria); Ebans, Ebnus (Hindi); Ebony, Karingali, Karinthali, Karu, Mushtambi, Vayari, Nanchimaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen & deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Rare in dry evergreen forests at 700 – 900m. It prefers well-drained rocky soil and grows well on sandy loam.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 12/09/2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-192
  • Collection Locality : Javadu Hills, Tiruvannamaliah district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district, Krishna district, Guntur district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Idukki district, Kollam district, Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Data Deficient (DD)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros ebenum. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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