Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.

 
  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (EBONY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Ebenaceae
  • Basionym : Garcinia malabarica Desr.
  • Synonym(s) : Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.) Gürke; Embryopteris pergrina Gaertn.;Diospyros embryopteris Pers.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel.
  • Common name : Gaub Persimon, Indian Persimon, River Ebony, Malabar Ebony, Gaub tree, Riber Ebony, Wild Mangosteen
  • Vernacular name : Gabh, Tedu, Maka tendu, Kala tendu (Hindi); Bandada mara, Antina kai, Holetupare (Kannada); Thumbica (Tamil); Nitta Tumiki, Tumiki, Racha-tumiki, Tinduki, Gabu (Telugu); Mankar Kendu, Kola kendu, Gurva kendu, Rakthajharia, Thusra kendu, Dhusarokendu (Oria); Tindukah, Tinduki (Sanskrit); Panachi, Panancha, Vananji (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Stream banks of mixed forests, Evergreen forests and sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : A characteristic riparian species growing along hill streams up to 750m
  • Flower, Fruit : March-April; Aprilil onwards
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 25/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0517
  • Collection Locality : Mahanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Nyagarh district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district, East Godavari district, Vizianagaram district
    • Karnataka : Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Siam, W.Malesia, Indo-China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros malabarica. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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