Diospyros chloroxylon Roxb.

 
  • Family : EBENACEAE
    (EBONY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Ebenaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Diospyros chloroxylon Roxb.
  • Vernacular name : Ninnai, Nensi, Karugariathumara (Kannada); Illinta, Kavakimanu, Ullinda, Koshavo, Nela-ulimira, Ellinda, Thorika (Telugu); Ondodi, Gourkasa, Kosai (Oria); Karuvakkanai (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Along plains and hill slopes of scrub jungles and dry deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Bark is dark brown, rough with small rectangular scales. Fruits are edible. Wood used as fire wood
  • Flower, Fruit : June-December
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Raja K.Swamy & Arun Singh R; Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 27-11-2014; 13-12-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-146; HJCB-E-189
  • Collection Locality : Sadasivakona Forest, Chittoor district (AP); Batrepalli, Nigidi forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Kadapa district, Guntur district, Krishna district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Bidar district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kolar district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Odisha : Kendrapara district, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga ;Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Diospyros chloroxylon. Downloaded on 15 December 2019.

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