Hopea ponga (Dennst.) Mabb.

    (Dipterocarpus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SAKHU FAMILY
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  • Basionym : Artocarpus ponga Dennst.
  • Synonym(s) : Hopea wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Vernacular name : Kalmara, Hiribhogi, Karimara, Doddele Bogi (Kannada); Ilapongu (Tamil); Kalhoni, Kavsi (Marathi); Eyyakam, Illapongu, Irumbakam, Kambakam, Naduvalippongu, Naithambagam, Nayurippu, Pongu, Thingam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests at elevation of 400-700 m, also in sacred groves in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Produces galls which are mistaken for fruits.
  • Key identification features : A lofty tree of Western Ghats. Leaves are simple, oblong-lanceolate, up to 23 cm long, 7.5 cm broad with a swollen petiole and yellow tomentum. Flowers are bisexual and borne on branched inflorescence. Petals are ovate-lanceolate and hairy outside. Stamens are as many as 15. Sepals are enlarged and remain persistant as wings on the fruit, greenish but turning to red when fruit matures.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-November
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11560, KFP 7194
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnatka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Hopea ponga. Downloaded on 8 December 2021.

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