Vateria indica L.

 
  • Family : DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Dipterocarpaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Vateria malabarica Blume
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Indian Copal Tree, White dammer, Piney Varnish
  • Vernacular name : Sarja (Sanskrit); Safeddammar (Hindi); Chandalika, Dhupadamara (Kannada); Vallei (Tamil); Dhup (Marathi); Pandam, Payin, Painimaram, Perumpiney, Vellappayin, Vellathelly, Vellakundirikkam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests at elevations 40-840 m, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Yields resin used as varnish; Seeds yield a buttery substance used in candle making, in soap industry and in confectionery
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Collection Nos : KFP 6903, KFP 11677
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Mysuru district, Udupi district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Davanagare district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Flora of Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Flora of Davanagere district; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Vateria indica. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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