Shorea tumbuggaia Roxb.

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Dipterocarpaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Salwood tree, Green dammar
  • Vernacular name : Tamba Jalari (Hindi); Tamba Jalari, Tamba (Telugu); Tambagam (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Endemic to southern Eastern Ghats up to 1000m. Wood is used for construction.
  • Key identification features : A tall deciduous tree up to 20m. Bark dark brown, longitudinally fissured, wood brown. Branchlets tomentose, leaves ovate, coriaceous, leaf base rounded, margin entire, apex acuminate, petiole up to 5 cm long, secondary nerves 8-10 pairs. Inflorescence terminal panicle. Flowers white, fragrant, capsule yellowish, wings unequal, dark brown, spathulate, to 5 cm long.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Talakona RF (Chittoor district), Nellore district (Nellore district), Kadapa district (Kadapa district), Sesachalam Hills (Kadapa district, Chittoor district), Veligonda (Kadapa district), Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district)
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Udupi district, Chamarajanagar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram district (Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district), Tiruvannamalai district (Tiruvannamalai district), Vellore district, Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : South India (Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu)
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Data Deficient (DD)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. tumbuggaia. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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