Shorea roxburghii G. Don

 
  • Family : DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Dipterocarpaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Shorea roxburghii G.Don
  • Common name : White Meranti, Talura lac Tree, Sal Tree, Salwood
  • Vernacular name : Saal, Shaal (Hindi); Jalari, Thalli, Jalada (Kannada); Kungilium, Jalari, Talura (Tamil); Talaru, Talari, Jalari (Telugu); Saal, Aswakarnah (Sanskrit)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in deciduous forests above 800m. Flowers are fragrant and used to decorate hair by local women. Resin is used as an incense
  • Key identification features : Bark grey with longitudinal fissures. Fruit winged
  • Flower, Fruit : February-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Venkatagiri Hills (Nellore district), Kurnool district (Kurnool district), Kadapa district (Kadapa district), Ananthapur district (Anantapur district), Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district)
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Javadu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district), Melagiri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Endangered (EN)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Shorea roxburghii. Downloaded on 11 December 2019.

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