Shorea robusta Gaertn.

 
  • Family : DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Dipterocarpaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Shorea robusta Gaertn.
  • Common name : The Sal
  • Vernacular name : Guggilamu, Gugal, Thamba (Telugu); Sal, Sakhu (Hindi); Saluvai maram (Tamil); Sal, Salura, Sekura, Sagua, Rengal (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous and Sal forests
  • Comments / notes : In moist deciduous forest. Occasional in hilly forests. Wood is used commercially. Wood resin is aromatic and incense. Fat extracted from the seeds
  • Key identification features : Bark is dark brown rough with deep verticle furrows. Fruit winged
  • Flower, Fruit : March-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Atun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 25/02/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-331
  • Collection Locality : Mahanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Nyagarh district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district
    • Odisha : Throughout the Odisha
  • Native : Indian subcontinent
  • World Distribution : India, Bhutan, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Shorea robusta. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.