Hopea glabra Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : DIPTEROCARPACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Dipterocarpaceae
  • Basionym : Hopea wightiana var. glabra (Wight & Arn.) Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hopea glabra Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Hopea
  • Vernacular name : Kongu (Tamil); Irumbakam, Karimpongu, Ilapongu, Naithambagam, Puzhupongu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Rare understorey tree in low and medium elevation evergreen forests up to 1000m.
  • Key identification features : Tree with buttressed trunk; Bark brownish, exfoliating
  • Flower, Fruit : January-July
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district, Pathanamthitta district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India
  • Conservation Status : Endangered (EN)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Hopea glabra. Downloaded on 10 December 2019.

Botanical Description

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.