Dioscorea oppositifolia L.

 
  • Family : DIOSCOREACEAE
    (Yam Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BANA ALU FAMILY (बन आलु)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : DIOSCOREACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dioscorea oppositifolia L.
  • Vernacular name : Malayan kizhangu kodi, Verrolaivalli (Tamil); Medwan, Paspoli (Marathi); Malinai, Pani alu, Pithal kanda, Pitli kanda (Oria); Yelloa-gadda, Adair dumpa, Neeru dumpa (Telugu); Kachil, Kanji, Kanjirakizhangu, Kavala, Narankizhangu, Noorankizhangu, Vettilavally, Vellakkizhangu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous and deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On foothills to about 1500m, on thickets and inside forests; less in plains of scrub jungles. Tubers are edible
  • Flower, Fruit : July-March
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R, Raja K.Swamy & Rajasri Ray; Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh & K. Sanakara Rao
  • Collection Date : 12-09-2014; 15-11-2015; 15-11-2015
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-54; HJCB-0157(♂); HJCB-E-299 (♀)
  • Collection Locality : Pungalam R.F., Jawadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district (TN); Palamaneru forest, Chittoor district (AP); Palamaneru forest, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : West Godavari district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Amravati district, Aurangabad district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Dhule district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district, Dhenkanal district, Angul district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Eastern Himalayas
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; emonocot http://e-monocot.org/tour#classify 08-10-2015; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dioscorea oppositifolia. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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