Dillenia indica L.

 
  • Family : DILLENIACEAE
    (Dillenia Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KARMAL FAMILY (करमल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : DILLENIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Dillenia indica L.
  • Common name : Elephant Apple, Chulta, Dellenia, Hondapara Tree, Ma-tad (Mal.)
  • Vernacular name : Chalta (Hindi); Betta kanigala, Kalthega (Kannada); Pedda kalinga, Uva, Chinna kali (Telugu); Awoo, Oao, Dau, Uvu, Rai (Oria); Bhavaya (Sanskrit); Mota-Karmal (Marathi); Syalita, Chalita, Valapunna (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional. Fruits are used as laxative. Leaves and bark are astringent.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantagiri Hills (Vishakapatnam district), Rampa Hills (East Godavari district), West Godavari district, Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), Srikakulam district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district
    • Maharashtra : Amravati district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, The Nilgiri district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indo-China, Sumatra, Malay peninsula, Java, Borneo
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Dillenia indica. Downloaded on 8 December 2021.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.