Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Basionym : Justicia nasuta L.
  • Synonym(s) : Rhinacanthus communis Nees; Rhinacanthus nasutus Kuntze var. montana (Clarke) Kumari; Rhinacanthus communis var. montanus C.B. Clarke
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Rhinacanthus nasutus (L.) Kurz
  • Common name : Snake Jasmine, Dainty Spurs
  • Vernacular name : Palkajuhi, Juyeepani (Hindi); Negamulli (Kannada); Nagamalli, Sirukurungu (Tamil); Yuthiparni (Sanskrit); Nagamulla, Orukaalmudanthi, Pushpakedal, Purukolli, Puzhukkolli, Vellakkurunji (Malayalam); Nagamalli, Vontikommu rinachettu, Pamu malli (Telugu); Kaurasago (Oria)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Shaded palces in dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 500m, on crevices of rocks on slopes, wet areas in moist deciduous forests, also in the plains. Occassional in clumps. Sometimes brought into cultivation.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 23/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0627
  • Collection Locality : Yercaud-Salem Ghat road, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Nayagarh district, Sambalpur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Shevaroy Hills (Salem district)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Java, Madagascar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Rhinacanthus nasutus. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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