Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth

 
  • Family : CONVOLVULACEAE
    (Morning-Glory Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KALADANA FAMILY (कालादाना फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : CONVOLVULACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth
  • Common name : English morning glory, American Plant, Morning glory, Pharbitis seeds
  • Vernacular name : Kaalaadaana, Jhaarmaric, Mirchai (Hindi); Gouri beeja (Kannada); Kakkattan (Tamil); Jirika kolli, Kallivittulu (Telugu); Khami khondo (Oria); Krusnabhijah (Sanskrit); Thaliyari (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional along roadsides, wastelands and forest borders across farmlands. Widely introduced in the tropics.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Nellore district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Ballari district, Bidar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Keonjhar district, Ganjam district, Bargarh district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district
  • Native : North America
  • World Distribution : Naturalized in tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ipomoea nil. Downloaded on 18 January 2021.

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