Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.

 
  • Family : CONVOLVULACEAE
    (Morning-Glory Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KALADANA FAMILY (कालादाना फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : CONVOLVULACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ipomoea reptans Poir.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.
  • Common name : Swamp Cabbage
  • Vernacular name : Kalmi (Hindi); Tutikura, Thutikura (Telugu); Tutisago, Kalmi (Oria); Kalambee (Sanskrit); Nalachi Bhaji (Marathi)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Ponds and lakes. Naturalized
  • Comments / notes : On plains by coasts, in stagnant ponds, irrigation canals and river banks in clayey soil.
  • Key identification features : Stem creeping, rooting at nodes
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Collection Nos : CS 694
  • Collection Locality : Andheri, Maharashtra
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Guntur district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Near water bodies
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • World Distribution : Widely naturalized
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Mathew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District ; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ipomoea aquatica. Downloaded on 4 June 2020.

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