Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Wall.

 
  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
    (ACANTHUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) Nees
  • Common name : Creat
  • Vernacular name : Kalpanath, Kiriyath, Chrarayata (Hindi); Nelaberu, Kirath kaddi (Kannada); Nilavaembu, Siriyanangai (Tamil); Yavatikta (Sanskrit); Amukkiram, Karakanjiram, Kariyath, Nelaveppu (Malayalam); Bhuinimbo, Chirata (Oria); Nela vemu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Scrub forests and plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains and in scrub forests; often planted by households as putative snake repellent
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy, Arun Singh R & Navendu Page; K. Sankara Rao, Raja K. Swamy & Arun Singh
  • Collection Date : 28-02-2016; 27-11-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0572; HJCB-E-143
  • Collection Locality : Barbera to Balugaon, Khurda district (OD); Sadasiva kona RF, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Bidar district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Davanagare district, Dharwad district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Raichur district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Andrographis paniculata. Downloaded on 16 June 2019.

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