Tonningia axillaris (L.) Kuntze

 
  • Family : COMMELINACEAE
    (Spiderwort Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : KANA FAMILY (काना फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : COMMELINACEAE
  • Basionym : Commelina axillaris L.
  • Synonym(s) : Amischophacelus axillaris (L.) R.S.Rao & Kammathy; Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D.Don ex Sweet
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cyanotis axillaris (L.) D.Don ex Sweet
  • Common name : Creeping Cradle Plant
  • Vernacular name : Jijale (Kannada); Amalai (Tamil); Soltraj, Baghanulla (Hindi); Gola gandi (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist places in degraded deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : In marshy places and wet rice fields, Often on plains to about 1000m.
  • Key identification features : A slender, diffusely branched suberect creeping herb, rooting at nodes. Leaves sessile, linear lanceolate and pointed at apex with short inflated sheath below, succulents. Flowers (1.2 cm. across) are blue or pink. Staminal filaments bearded. Fruit is an oblong capsule.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Collector(s) Name : K.N.Gandhi; R.B. Faden, A.J.Faden & C.J.Saldanha
  • Collection Nos : HFP 2093, HFP 2174, FMNH 76/196
  • Collection Locality : Hassan; Arkavati river, Bangalore-Hassan road (Bangalore)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Amravati district, Bhandara district, Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Chandrapur district, Kolhapur district, Nagpur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • Native : Tropical Asia, Africa
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia, South China, Australia, Nepal and Introduced to Tropical Africa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Pullaiah, 1997. Fl. Andhra Pradesh, vol. 3. pp. 1013; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Tonningia axillaris. Downloaded on 20 April 2021.

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