Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : COMBRETACEAE
    (Combretum Or Indian Almond Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ARJUN FAMILY (अर्जुन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : COMBRETACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : White Murdah, Arjun Tree
  • Vernacular name : Arjun, Kahu (Hindi); Bilimathi mara, Holeemathi (Kannada); Vellaimaruthu, Kulamaruthu (Tamil); Maddi, Yerra maddi, Tella maddi, Tittu maddi, Vag-maddi, Neer maddi (Telugu); Arjuna, Porjon sahajo (Oria); Arjunah, Kahua (Sanskrit); Arjun-sadada (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : A common riparian species along river banks up to 1400m. Timber is valuable. Buttressed
  • Key identification features : Huge tree with girth up to 10m. Bark stiff, flaking off in pieces; inner bark white, smooth, 3-4 cm thick, flesh-coloured when cut, exudating red resin. Inflorescence with characteristic galls.
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Prakasam district, Chittoor district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district
    • Telangana : Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of Indi
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Terminalia arjuna. Downloaded on 20 October 2020.

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